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Prevention of rickets for children

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1 Prevention of rickets for children on Sat Apr 28, 2012 3:30 pm

camau


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When a child has rickets, in addition to greatly affect bone growth also affects many parts, different organs of the child.


Rickets is a vitamin D deficiency in children because of dystrophic skeletal or metabolic vitamin D. How to provide enough vitamin D for children is the need to the attention of pregnant mothers and mothers who are raising children.


Rickets in children shows like?
Rickets is closely related to metabolic disorders of calcium and phosphorus, which make great influence to the absorption of vitamin D. Malabsorption of vitamin D will affect the child's bone growth and affects many other organs in the body of the child as the nervous system, endocrine, metabolic, digestive ...


Milk is a source of vitamin D



Rickets is common in young children aged 6-36 months, as this is the time when the skeletal system is growing. The cause of rickets in young children due to lack of vitamin D make the child not getting enough calcium in the intestine and the lack of calcium in the blood, so the student body increase hormone parathyroid hormone status leading to reduced reabsorption collection of phosphate in the kidney and also reduce phosphates in the blood causes the phenomenon of neurological dysfunction. Due to the lack of calcium in the blood so the body has self-regulation by mobilizing calcium from bone into the blood calcium to make bones causing rickets and osteoporosis.


In its early symptoms are manifestations of rickets in the bones is not clear that children usually show signs of neurological disorders like or crying, startled while sleeping, sweating is at most sleep (sweat foul thief). The child's hair began to fall the two ears, the nape that the phenomenon is known as projection lick or donuts. Period, the patient developed significant phenomenon skull is soft, wide and slow closed fontanelle (in infants), with the peak or hump in the forehead causing the phenomenon of protruding forehead. Some expression is quite evident as that usually grow slowly, slowly splendid, slow crawl, slower, or crying, startled and did not sleep well or sleep. Children usually exhibit less alert, the growth in height and weight less than same age children without rickets. Where children with severe rickets when touching the wrist and ankle bones sticking out of the phenomenon which we call the phenomenon "round the wrist, ankle ring." When you stand, walk, the leg bones may be deformed bone that resulted in X-shaped legs, the letter 0 (bowing leg) and pelvic bones become misaligned. Thoracic deformation will also be narrowed (flat or protruding chest). When touching the muscles do not see that being mushy solid, closed. Of the digestive system often have constipation phenomenon. In cases of prolonged calcium deficiency or rickets may appear acute contractions nodded blood calcium caused by the phenomenon of acute lowering of blood calcium.


Some children are prone to rickets as infants fed cow's milk, twins or premature (preterm birth), low birth weight, malnutrition or even younger than plump (due to demand for high calcium and phosphorus younger than normal). For children suffering from prolonged infection or gastrointestinal disease and long-term risk to children from malnutrition and rickets.


Sources of vitamin D come from?
Source of vitamin D for infants must first mention the sun is a very important factor. Thanks to the ultraviolet rays of sunlight that vitamin D is synthesized from naturally the vitaminD is 7 - dehyrocholesterol skin became a cholecalciferol (vitamin D3 that is). Therefore, children in overcrowded houses, lack of light or children living in this country there are many clouds are vulnerable to rickets.


Source of vitamin D for children is due to the diet of the pregnant mother and her own children. Foods recommended vitamin D and calcium as meat, fish, black sesame, vegetables and sweet, dried shrimps, prawns, crabs, snails, egg yolks, fresh milk, yogurt, especially the liver and breast milk is the best food for infants.


Prevention of rickets for children like?
We know that children with rickets due to lack of vitamin D and vitamin D supply to the body may be provided by breast milk, cow's milk, fish oil, or vegetable food, especially from light sun. Vitamin D is needed for the body mainly by the effects of sunlight under ultraviolet light. So when the mother is pregnant and during breast-feeding should be sunbathing, ie the mother left the house on several early morning when the sun is just rising, and at evening when the sun was out bright chang (between 4 - 5pm). For very young children should be sunbathing every day, every day from 15 - 20m (supposed to reveal the legs, arms, back, abdomen outside before 9 am). However, children are not sunbathing when the sun was up, noon, late afternoon. In addition to sunbathing, pregnant mothers and children who need nutritious enough, select the recommended foods rich in vitamin D and calcium is such as meat, fish, shrimp, crabs, snails, eggs, liver, milk and breast milk is so necessary for daily breastfeeding should not waste this precious milk supply. Need to add oil or fat to the feed of a pregnant woman or the child's food as fat-soluble vitamin D so even meals have enough vitamin D rich substances that lack of oil, fat is not put to beneficial What interests. In addition, the mother is pregnant in the last month or children at risk of rickets should drink more or take fish oil but adding vitamin D to be directed by the obstetrician, pediatrician and absolutely not to abuse vitamin D. Besides, the house also need cool, and enough sunlight.

For the preterm births, preterm birth, low birth weight infants is essential for a doctor periodically to the pediatric specialist dietary advice for children. The children with these infections should be extended examination and aggressive treatment on prescription from your doctor such as inflammatory diseases VA, upper respiratory infection, bronchitis, spasm, ear ...

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